The Term Angle Of Deviation Is Used In Reference To

The Term Angle Of Deviation Is Used In Reference To

Question: The Term Angle Of Deviation Is Used In Reference To

1. Polarizer
2. Prisms
3. Lens
4. Analyzer

Answer: (2) Prisms

Deflection_of_light_ray_passing_through_prism
Image by PhysicsR

It is the difference between the angle of incidence and angle of refraction, when a ray of light is refracted when passing from one medium to another (of different refractive index). However, if the ray is passing through a prism or a water drop, it gets refracted twice; one entering into prism and second time when it exits the medium. In such cases of double deflection, the angle of incidence is the sum of these two angles.

The Term Angle Of Deviation Is Used In Reference To
Image by PhysicsR

Spectrum

White light consists of all frequencies (Color is decided by the frequency of light; Red has lowest frequency while violet has highest frequency). According to Snell’s Law, red light gets deviated least, while violet is deflected by the largest angle. So when a white light passes through a prism, all frequencies are deviated at different angles and we get a spectrum of light.

Refraction_varies_by_frequency
Image by RJHall

Red light is deviated least. This explains why danger signs, beacons, etc atop the towers are of red color. So that the flights and vehicles can easily see the danger signals, even from a far distance.

Total Internal Reflection

When the angle of incidence exceed a minimum angle (called critical angle), the incident ray, instead of getting refracted, reflects from the surface. Fiber optic cable used in communication works on the principle of total internal reflection.

The Term Angle Of Deviation Is Used In Reference To

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