Solar Panels are made of semi-conducting material. When sunlight falls on it, the photons knock electrons from the surface atoms. This results in positive charge on the surface, which causes flow of electrons. Solar panel is an array of smaller photo-voltaic cells linked together.
Solar panels provide energy in such places where it is impossible to provide current electricity from power stations; satellite, GPS in deserts and mid-sea, or portable devices like calculators.
This energy is clean, which means that no pollution is generated by producing them. Also called ‘green’ energy.
Quiz on ‘Striving for Better Environment Part 2’
These multiple choice questions MCQ – How Do Solar Panels Work, test your understanding of the Clean, Renewable Energy. The concepts being tested are about ecofriendly, green and clean environment, solar cells, fuel efficient cars, biogas, eco efficiency, pollution control boards, Reduce, Reuse and Recycle, sustainable development, etc. How Do Solar Panels Work also prepares you for the competitive exams.
02. Name the following: An equipment to heat water. These have solar panels, which are made of solar cells. Solar cells are made of silicon. They are eco-friendly. They tap Solar energy, which is easily available, renewable and pollution free01. Fill in the Blank: The steam and heat produced in a ________ help cook faster and save fuel.
03. Name the following: Organic waste is decomposed by micro-organisms in a digester. This results in production of good fuel and a good fertilizer (slurry). Name the Equipment
04. Fill in the Blank: _________ means creation of goods and services using fewer resources and creating less waste.
05. The term Eco Efficiency was coined by ________ in 1992
(a) Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)
(b) Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB)
(c) WBCSD (World Business Council for Sustainable Development)
(d) Ministry of Environment & Forests
06. Fill in the Blank: The renewable sources of energy like solar power, wind power,
tidal power, hydro-power, geothermal power, power from organic waste, etc are called
__________. They are pollution free and inexhaustible.
07. Name the following: The biomass left after crushing sugarcane for juice. It is used as fuel for boilers. It is also used or manufacture of paper and production of ethanol
08. Name the following: It is produced by fermentation of wheat, maize, potatoes or sugarcane. It is mixed with petrol or diesel. It is an alternate source of energy
09. Fill in the Blank: Automobile parts are now made of ________ instead of steel. It is cheaper, do not corrode and more durable.
10. Fill in the Blank: Use of ___________ in place of copper telephone wire not only reduces use of mineral resource but also provides better communication.
11. Name the following: The development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
12. Name the following: This organisation promotes energy efficiency and conservation in day to day life. The short form is PCRA, established in 1977
13. Fill in the Blank: Earth has 70% water, but only 3% is fresh and just ____ % is easily accessible.
14. Fill in the Blank: ___________ for urbanization, results in soil erosion, effects the soil fertility, reduces rain fall and ultimately changes the global climate.
15. Name the following: To eliminate waste and conserve resources, RRR approach is a very effective matra. What is RRR?
16. Fill in the Blank: ________ is the desire to purchase more products and services which may not be required as that time.
17. Name the following: Waste by used electronic products like discarded computers, TV, printers, fax machines, cell phones, audio equipment, paramedical equipment, etc. It can cause lead-poisoning.
18. The state shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country. This is stated in article ____ of the Constitution of India
(a) 48 A
(b) 49 A
(c) 50 A
(d) 51 A
19. Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance. This is stated in article ____ of the Constitution of India
20. It should be the duty of every citizen to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture. This is stated in article ____ of the Constitution of India
(a) 48 A(g)
(b) 49 A(g)
(c) 50 A(g)
(d) 51 A(g)
21. Fill in the Blank: The Environment Act, 1986 came into force soon after the ___________
22. Name the following:
* License required for use of loudspeakers or public systems for any occasion
* Sound systems should not be used between 10 PM to 6 AM, except in closed premises
* Systems not allowed in silence zones
These are the restriction placed by _________ Rules, 2000
23. Fill in the Blank: ___________ Rules, 1998 deals with generation, handling, treatment & disposal of biomedical waste
24. Fill in the Blank: _______ Rules, 2011 are applicable to all producers & consumers, who manufacture, purchase, process electronic equipment. It came into effect in May, 2011
25. Fill in the Blank: A ___________ is defined by competent authorities as an area comprising not less than 100 metres around hospitals, educational institutions and courts.
26. Name the following: A unit for measuring sound
27. Limits of Decibels for Silence Zone at night is ___ dB
28. Maximum Decibels for Industrial Area at day is ___ dB
29. Fill in the Blank: ____ has powers to stop or regulate of electricity, water or any other services for defaulters of Air Pollution
30. Fill in the Blank: Population is increasing and natural resources are depleting. To safeguard from these dangers we have to use efficient and __________ technology
Answers to Quiz and questions like How Do Solar Panels Work
01. Pressure cooker
02. Solar Water Heater
03. Biogas Plant
04. Eco Efficiency
05. (c) WBCSD (World Business Council for Sustainable Development)
06. Green Power
10. Fibre optic cables
11. Sustainable Development
12. Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA)
15. Reduce, Reuse and Recycle
18. (a) 48 A
19. (b) 49
20. (d) 51 A(g)
21. Bhopal Gas
22. The Noise Pollution
23. Bio-medical Waste
25. Silence Zone
27. (d) 40
28. (b) 75
29. CPCB: Central Pollution Control Board